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1891 Census

Census Day 1891 was on Sunday, 5th April of that year. The records for Brompton show that the population had risen by 20% since 1881 - up to 435 souls.


As can be seen in our 1891 Census records, the oldest resident is 88 year old John Wilkinson, a retired joiner, living at Railway cottages. with his daughter and son-in-law. Mr Wilkinson was born in Bedale in 1803 ... the year in which the Napoleonic Wars began,


A brief summary of events of that year in the UK

  • 14 February – in the FA Cup quarter final in English Association football, a goal is deliberately stopped by handball on the goal line. An indirect free kick is awarded, since the penalty kick, proposed the previous year by William McCrum, has not yet been implemented. This event probably changes public opinion on the penalty kick, seen previously as 'an Irishman's motion'.

  • February – is the driest month recorded to date with an average of only 3.6 millimetres (0.14 in).

  • 9–12 March – the Great Blizzard of 1891 in the South and West of England leads to extensive snow drifts and powerful storms off the South coast, with 14 ships sunk and approximately 220 deaths attributed to the weather conditions.

  • 17 March – the British steamship SS Utopia sinks in the inner harbour of Gibraltar after collision with the battleship HMS Anson, killing 564.

  • 18 March – official opening of the London-Paris telephone system.

  • 1 April – the London-Paris telephone system is opened to the general public.

  • 5 April – census in the United Kingdom: 15.6 million people live in cities of 20,000 or more in England and Wales and cities of 20,000 or more account for 54% of the total English population. The number of Welsh speakers in Wales is recorded for the first time and constitutes 54.4% of the population.

  • 25 June – Arthur Conan Doyle's detective Sherlock Holmes appears in The Strand Magazine for the first time.




  • August – Deptford Power Station (designed by Sebastian Z. de Ferranti for the London Electric Supply Corporation) is fully commissioned, pioneering the use of high voltage (10 kV) alternating current, generating 800 kW for public supply.

  • 5 August – Elementary Education Act abolishes fees for primary schooling.


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